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Sunday, January 21, 2018

People and Culture

The two are core aspects of culture. And though Bhutan is a small country there are three major ethnic groups; the Sharchops-people of eastern Bhutan,the Ngalops (people of western Bhutan) and the Lhotsampas (people of Southern Bhutan).

However, other groups such as Bumtaps(people of Bumthang), Khengpas(people living in the district of Zhemgang), Layaps and Brokpas (the two communities that migrate) are prominent. There are about 20 different dialects spoken by the people.However, dzongkha – the language of the people of western Bhutan is the official language.

Bhutanese men wear Gho – a knee length robe tied at the waist by a belt known as Kera.
Women wear Kira- an ankle length dress, which is also tied at the waist by a Kera. Komas- brooches fasten the Kira on their shoulder. A long sleeved blouse known as a wonjo is worn inside the Kira and a Tego (like a jacket) is worn outside.A traditional boot called the Tsolam is also worn on special occasions.

Additionally, scarfs called kabney for men and rachu for women is worn during formal occasions and in offices. There are different colors of a Kabney, which represent the hierarchy in society, including the post that a man/woman holds.The yellow scarf is for the King and the Head abbot. The Orange are for ministers, the red for Dashos (a title equivalent to Knighthood); blue for members of the Parliament; green for the Justices and white for common man.

A Patang (sword) is also tied to the belt and is the prerogative of those that are ordained with the red, blue, green, orange and the yellow scarfs. However, the King can ordain a patang for those with white scarfs.